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Family Connects

Meets DHHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Last Updated: October 2014

In Brief for Child Health Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Dodge, K. A., Goodman, W. B., Murphy, R. A., O’Donnell, K., Sato, J., & Guptill, S. (2013). Implementation and randomized controlled trial evaluation of universal postnatal nurse home visiting. American Journal of Public Health, published online ahead of print.
Additional Sources:

Dodge, K. A., Goodman, W. B., Murphy, R., O’Donnell, K. T., & Sato, J. M. (2013). Toward population impact from home visiting. Zero to Three, 33(3), 17-23.

Mandel, A. D., Dodge, K. A., Goodman, W. B., Murphy, R. A., & O’Donnell, K. J. (2013). A multi-risk moderation analysis of a universal maternal-infant home visiting program. Unpublished manuscript, currently under review.

Dodge, K. A., & Goodman, B. (2012). Durham Connects impact evaluation final report. Washington, DC: Pew Center on the States.

Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Did not have emergency medical care episodes (hospital records), proportion No Effect Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted proportion = 0.74 Unadjusted proportion = 0.72 MD = 0.02 Not statistically significant, p=0.50 HomVEE = 0.06 Primary
Did not have emergency medical care episodes (parent report) proportion No Effect Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted proportion = 0.50 Unadjusted proportion = 0.51 MD = -0.01 Not statistically significant, p=0.70 HomVEE = -0.03 Secondary
Most recent well-baby visit within past month No Effect Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted proportion = 0.70 Unadjusted proportion = 0.67 OR (adjusted) = 1.12 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.54
HomVEE = 0.07 Secondary
No. of emergency department visits (hospital records) No Effect Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 0.32 Unadjusted mean = 0.39 MD (adjusted) = –0.14 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.36
HomVEE = -0.09 Primary
No. of emergency medical visits (parent report) No Effect Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 0.82 Unadjusted mean = 0.98 MD (adjusted) = –0.17 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.07
HomVEE = -0.12 Secondary
No. of overnights in hospital (parent report) Favorable Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 0.08 Unadjusted mean = 0.40 MD (adjusted) = –1.60 Statistically significant, p<0.001 Study reported = 0.20 Secondary
No. of total emergency medical care episodes (hospital records) Favorable Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 0.43 Unadjusted mean = 1.05 MD (adjusted) = –0.91 Statistically significant, p<0.001 Study reported = 0.26 Primary
No. of total emergency medical care episodes (parent report) Favorable Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 0.89 Unadjusted mean = 1.37 MD (adjusted) = –0.40 Statistically significant, p<0.001 Study reported = 0.21 Secondary
Three or more emergency medical care episodes (hospital records), proportion Favorable Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted proportion = 0.03 Unadjusted proportion = 0.09 MD = -0.05 Statistically significant, p<0.01 HomVEE = -0.65 Primary
Three or more emergency medical care episodes (parent report), proportion Favorable Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted proportion = 0.09 Unadjusted proportion = 0.13 MD = -0.04 Statistically significant, p<0.01 HomVEE = -0.26 Secondary
Two or more emergency medical care episodes (hospital records), proportion Favorable Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted proportion = 0.10 Unadjusted proportion = 0.15 MD = -0.06 Statistically significant, p<0.01 HomVEE = -0.31 Primary
Two or more emergency medical care episodes (parent report), proportion No Effect Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted proportion = 0.21 Unadjusted proportion = 0.25 MD = -0.04 Not statistically significant, p=0.13 HomVEE = -0.13 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Did not have emergency medical care episodes (hospital records), proportion Proportion of families with no emergency medical care episodes (emergency department visits plus hospital overnights) by age 6 months Administrative records Not applicable Primary
Did not have emergency medical care episodes (parent report) proportion Proportion of families with no emergency medical care episodes (emergency pediatric visits plus emergency department visits plus hospital overnights) by age 6 months Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Most recent well-baby visit within past month Date of the most recent well-baby primary care visit. Responses were recoded as 0 (more than one month ago) or 1 (within the past month) Parent report Not applicable Secondary
No. of emergency department visits (hospital records) Average number of emergency department visits per family by age 6 months Administrative records Not applicable Primary
No. of emergency medical visits (parent report) Infant's number of emergency medical visits to any hospital for non-birth related medical care in the past 3 months Parent report Not applicable Secondary
No. of overnights in hospital (parent report) Infant's number of overnights in any hospital for non-birth related medical care in the past three months Parent report Not applicable Secondary
No. of total emergency medical care episodes (hospital records) Average number of emergency medical care episodes (emergency department visits plus hospital overnights) per family by age 6 months Administrative records Not applicable Primary
No. of total emergency medical care episodes (parent report) Average number of emergency medical care episodes (emergency pediatric visits plus emergency department visits plus hospital overnights) per family by age 6 months Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Three or more emergency medical care episodes (hospital records), proportion Proportion of families with three or more emergency medical care episodes (emergency department visits plus hospital overnights) by age 6 months Administrative records Not applicable Primary
Three or more emergency medical care episodes (parent report), proportion Proportion of families with three or more emergency medical care episodes (emergency pediatric visits plus emergency department visits plus hospital overnights) by age 6 months Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Two or more emergency medical care episodes (hospital records), proportion Proportion of families with two or more emergency medical care episodes (emergency department visits plus hospital overnights) by age 6 months Administrative records Not applicable Primary
Two or more emergency medical care episodes (parent report), proportion Proportion of families with two or more emergency medical care episodes (emergency pediatric visits plus emergency department visits plus hospital overnights) by age 6 months Parent report Not applicable Secondary

Dodge, K. A., Goodman, W. B., Murphy, R. A., O'Donnell, K., & Sato, J. (2013). Randomized controlled trial of universal postnatal nurse home visiting: Impact on emergency care. Pediatrics, 132(S2), S140-S146.
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
No. of emergency department visits, birth to 12 months (hospital records) No Effect Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births birth to 12 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 0.68 Unadjusted mean = 0.83 MD = -0.15 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.22
Not available Primary
No. of overnights in hospital, birth to 12 months (hospital records) Favorable Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births birth to 12 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 0.11 Unadjusted mean = 0.74 MD = -0.63 Statistically significant, p<0.001 Study reported = 0.27 Primary
No. of total emergency medical care episodes, 6 to 12 months (hospital records) Favorable Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births 6 to 12 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 0.36 Unadjusted mean = 0.52 MD = -0.16 Statistically significant,
p = 0.03
Study reported = 0.14 Primary
No. of total emergency medical care episodes, birth to 12 months (hospital records) Favorable Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births birth to 12 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 0.78 Unadjusted mean = 1.57 MD = -0.79 Statistically significant, p<0.001 Study reported = 0.28 Primary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
No. of emergency department visits, birth to 12 months (hospital records) Number of ED visits since initial hospital discharge Hospital records Not applicable Primary
No. of emergency department visits, birth to 12 months (hospital records) Number of ED visits since initial hospital discharge Hospital records Not applicable Primary
No. of emergency department visits, birth to 12 months (hospital records) Number of ED visits since initial hospital discharge Hospital records Not applicable Primary
No. of overnights in hospital, birth to 12 months (hospital records) Number of hospital overnights, excluding overnights for birth-related medical care Hospital records Not applicable Primary
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