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Family Connects

Meets DHHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Last Updated: October 2014

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details for Positive Parenting Practices Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Dodge, K. A., Goodman, W. B., Murphy, R. A., O’Donnell, K., Sato, J., & Guptill, S. (2013). Implementation and randomized controlled trial evaluation of universal postnatal nurse home visiting. American Journal of Public Health, published online ahead of print.
Additional Sources:

Dodge, K. A., Goodman, W. B., Murphy, R., O’Donnell, K. T., & Sato, J. M. (2013). Toward population impact from home visiting. Zero to Three, 33(3), 17-23.

Mandel, A. D., Dodge, K. A., Goodman, W. B., Murphy, R. A., & O’Donnell, K. J. (2013). A multi-risk moderation analysis of a universal maternal-infant home visiting program. Unpublished manuscript, currently under review.

Dodge, K. A., & Goodman, B. (2012). Durham Connects impact evaluation final report. Washington, DC: Pew Center on the States.

Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Father–infant relationship quality No Effect Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 524 families Unadjusted mean = 2.09 Unadjusted mean = 1.92 MD (adjusted) = 0.11 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.08
HomVEE = 0.21 Secondary
Mother knowledge of infant development No Effect Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 0.75 Unadjusted mean = 0.77 MD (adjusted) = –0.02 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.10
HomVEE = -0.11 Secondary
Mother negative parenting behaviors No Effect Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 0.32 Unadjusted mean = 0.33 MD (adjusted) = –0.02 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.59
HomVEE = -0.03 Secondary
Mother positive parenting behaviors Favorable Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 4.12 Unadjusted mean = 4.01 MD (adjusted) = 0.10 Statistically significant, p<0.01 Study reported = 0.25 Secondary
Mother sense of parenting competence No Effect Interviewed subsample, 7/2009-12/2010 births Infant Age 6 months 531 families Unadjusted mean = 4.62 Unadjusted mean = 4.63 MD (adjusted) = –0.01 Not statistically significant,
p = 0.83
HomVEE = -0.02 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Father–infant relationship quality Father-infant relationship quality (whether the biological father was involved with the infant 10 items e.g., "hugs or shows physical affection toward child") Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Mother knowledge of infant development Knowledge of infant development (10 items e.g., "shouted at infant") Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Mother negative parenting behaviors Negative parenting behaviors (10 items, e.g., "shouted at infant") Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Mother positive parenting behaviors Positive parenting behaviors (7 items e.g., "comforted infant") Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Mother sense of parenting competence Parenting sense of competence (17 items e.g., "being a parent makes me tense and anxious") Parent report Not applicable Secondary
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