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Family Check-Up® For Children

Meets DHHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Last Updated: June 2017

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details for Maternal Health Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated High


Shaw, D. S., Connell, A., Dishion, T. J., Wilson, M. N., & Gardner, F. (2009). Improvements in maternal depression as a mediator of intervention effects on early childhood problem behavior. Development and Psychopathology, 21, 417–439.
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 2 Favorable WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA Age 3 731 mothers Not reported Not reported Not reported Statistically significant, p<0.052 Not reported Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 3 Favorable WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA Age 3 731 mothers Not reported Not reported Not reported Statistically significant, p<0.052 Not reported Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 4 Favorable WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA Age 3 731 mothers Not reported Not reported Not reported Statistically significant, p<0.052 Not reported Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 5 Favorable WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA Age 3 731 mothers Not reported Not reported Not reported Statistically significant, p<0.052 Not reported Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 6 Favorable WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA Age 3 731 mothers Not reported Not reported Not reported Statistically significant, p<0.052 Not reported Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 7 Favorable WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA Age 3 731 mothers Not reported Not reported Not reported Statistically significant, p<0.052 Not reported Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, Autoregressive model Favorable WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA Age 3 731 mothers Not reported Not reported Not reported Statistically significant, p<0.051 Study reported = 0.181 Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, Correlation No Effect WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA Age 3 651 mothers Not reported Not reported Not reported Not statistically significant, p>0.05 Not reported Secondary

1 Authors used structural equation models to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, and p-value.

2 Authors used an autoregressive model to estimate the impact, and reported a coefficient, standard error, and effect size.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 2 The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale is a 20-item assessment of depressive symptoms. Maternal report Cronbach’s a = 0.76 at age 2 years, Cronbach’s a = 0.75 at age 3 years Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 3 The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale is a 20-item assessment of depressive symptoms. Maternal report Cronbach’s a = 0.76 at age 2 years, Cronbach’s a = 0.75 at age 3 years Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 4 The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale is a 20-item assessment of depressive symptoms. Maternal report Cronbach’s a = 0.76 at age 2 years, Cronbach’s a = 0.75 at age 3 years Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 5 The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale is a 20-item assessment of depressive symptoms. Maternal report Cronbach’s a = 0.76 at age 2 years, Cronbach’s a = 0.75 at age 3 years Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 6 The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale is a 20-item assessment of depressive symptoms. Maternal report Cronbach’s a = 0.76 at age 2 years, Cronbach’s a = 0.75 at age 3 years Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, SEM, Figure 7 The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale is a 20-item assessment of depressive symptoms. Maternal report Cronbach’s a = 0.76 at age 2 years, Cronbach’s a = 0.75 at age 3 years Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, Autoregressive model The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale is a 20-item assessment of depressive symptoms. Maternal report Cronbach’s a = 0.76 at age 2 years, Cronbach’s a = 0.75 at age 3 years Secondary
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, Correlation The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale is a 20-item assessment of depressive symptoms. Maternal report Cronbach’s a = 0.76 at age 2 years, Cronbach’s a = 0.75 at age 3 years Secondary
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Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Gardner, F., Connell, A., Trentacosta, C. J., Shaw, D. S., Dishion, T. J., & Wilson, M. N. (2009). Moderators of outcome in a brief family-centered intervention for preventing early problem behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(3), 543–553.
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, Mean and SD No Effect WIC sites in Pittsburgh, PA, Eugene, OR, and Charlottesville, VA Age 3 651 mothers Unadjusted mean = 14.62 Unadjusted mean = 16.26 MD = -1.641 Not statistically significant, p=0.06 HomVEE = -0.151 Secondary

1 Negative value is favorable to the intervention.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Maternal Depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale), Age 3, Mean and SD The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale is a 20-item assessment of depressive symptoms. Parent/caregiver report Internal consistencies were 0.76 at age 2 and 0.75 at age 3. Secondary
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