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Early Intervention Program for Adolescent Mothers

Meets DHHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Last Updated: July 2011

In Brief for Positive Parenting Practices Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Koniak-Griffin, D., Anderson, N. L., Brecht, M. L., Verzemnieks, I., Lesser, J., & Kim, S. (2002). Public health nursing care for adolescent mothers: Impact on infant health and selected maternal outcomes at 1 year postbirth. Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 30(1), 44–54.
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
NCATS child’s score No Effect San Bernardino sample, NCATS sample One year postpartum 90-97 mothers Mean = 19.33 SD = 1.59 Mean = 19.16 SD = 2.09 MD = 0.17 Not statistically significant, p > 0.051 HomVEE = 0.09 Primary
NCATS mother’s score No Effect San Bernardino sample, NCATS sample One year postpartum 90-97 mothers Mean = 34.04 SD = 3.78 Mean = 33.05 SD = 4.00 MD = 0.00 Not statistically significant, p > 0.051 HomVEE = 0.25 Primary
NCATS total score No Effect San Bernardino sample, NCATS sample One year postpartum 90-97 mothers Mean = 53.36 SD = 4.41 Mean = 52.20 SD = 4.89 MD = 1.16 Not statistically significant, p > 0.051 HomVEE = 0.25 Primary

1 Authors report whether the groups are significantly different or not, but do not report actual p-values.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
NCATS child’s score The Nursing Child AssessmentTeaching Scale(NCATS)is a 73–item binary scale that measures maternal and child contributions to dyadic interactive quality. Coding of videotaped parent-child interaction during structured play episodes Cronbach’s α = 0.71 Primary
NCATS mother’s score The Nursing Child AssessmentTeaching Scale(NCATS)is a 73–item binary scale that measures maternal and child contributions to dyadic interactive quality. Coding of videotaped parent-child interaction during structured play episodes Cronbach’s α = 0.77 Primary
NCATS total score The Nursing Child AssessmentTeaching Scale(NCATS)is a 73–item binary scale that measures maternal and child contributions to dyadic interactive quality. Coding of videotaped parent-child interaction during structured play episodes Cronbach’s α = 0.80 Primary

Koniak-Griffin, D., Verzemnieks, I. L., Anderson, N. L., Brecht, M. L., Lesser, J., Kim, S., et al. (2003). Nurse visitation for adolescent mothers: Two-year infant health and maternal outcomes. Nursing Research, 52(2), 127–136.
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
HOME1 No Effect San Bernardino sample, HOME sample Two years postpartum 99 mothers Mean = 38.07 SD = 4.85 Mean = 38.80 SD = 3.78 MD = -0.73 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 2 HomVEE = -0.16 Primary
NCATS child’s score No Effect San Bernardino sample, NCATS sample Two years postpartum 90 mothers Not available Not available Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.052 Not available Primary
NCATS mother’s score No Effect San Bernardino sample, NCATS sample Two years postpartum 90 mothers Not available Not available Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 Not statistically significant, p > 0.052 Not available Primary
NCATS total score1 No Effect San Bernardino sample, NCATS sample Two years postpartum 90 mothers Mean = 51.67 SD = 4.26 Mean = 52.61 SD = 4.26 MD = -0.94 Not statistically significant, p > 0.052 HomVEE = -0.22 Primary

1 Information on outcomes was received through communication with the authors.

2 Authors report whether the groups are significantly different or not, but do not report actual p-values.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) The HOME scale is a 45–item measure that assesses parenting practices and the child’s home environment, including physical structure, play materials, and amount of stimulation. Parent/caregiver report and observational assessment Cronbach’s α = 0.71 Primary
NCATS child’s score The Nursing Child AssessmentTeaching Scale(NCATS)is a 73–item binary scale that measures maternal and child contributions to dyadic interactive quality. Coding of videotaped parent-child interaction during structured play episodes Cronbach’s α = 0.71 Primary
NCATS mother’s score The Nursing Child AssessmentTeaching Scale(NCATS)is a 73–item binary scale that measures maternal and child contributions to dyadic interactive quality. Coding of videotaped parent-child interaction during structured play episodes Cronbach’s α = 0.77 Primary
NCATS total score The Nursing Child AssessmentTeaching Scale(NCATS)is a 73–item binary scale that measures maternal and child contributions to dyadic interactive quality. Coding of videotaped parent-child interaction during structured play episodes Cronbach’s α = 0.80 Primary

Koniak-Griffin, D., Anderson, N. L., Verzemnieks, I., & Brecht, M. L. (2000). A public health nursing early intervention program for adolescent mothers: Outcomes from pregnancy through 6 weeks postpartum. Nursing Research, 49(3), 130–138.
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
NCATS mother’s score No Effect San Bernardino sample, NCATS sample 6 weeks postpartum 97 mothers Not available Not available Not available Not statistically significant, p > 0.052 Not available Primary
NCATS total score1 No Effect San Bernardino sample, NCATS sample 6 weeks postpartum 97 mothers Mean = 39.31 SD = 7.72 Mean = 41.40 SD = 7.02 MD = -2.09 Not statistically significant, p > 0.052 HomVEE = -0.28 Primary

1 Information on outcomes was received through communication with the authors.

2 Authors report whether the groups are significantly different or not, but do not report actual p-values.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
NursingChild Assessment Teaching Scale (NCATS) mother’s score

The NCATS is a 73–item binary scale that measures maternal and child contributions to dyadic interactive quality.

Coding of videotaped parent-child interaction during structured play episodes Cronbach’s α = 0.77 Primary
NursingChild Assessment Teaching Scale (NCATS) total score

The NCATS is a 73–item binary scale that measures maternal and child contributions to dyadic interactive quality.

Coding of videotaped parent-child interaction during structured play episodes Cronbach’s α = 0.80 Primary
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