Skip Navigation

Early Head Start-Home Visiting (EHS-HV)§

Meets DHHS criteria for an evidenced based model

Last Updated: July 2016

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details for Child Health Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated High


Love, J., Kisker, E., Ross, C. M., Schochet, P. Z., Brooks-Gunn, J., Paulsell, D., et al. (2002). Making a difference in the lives of infants and toddlers and their families: The impacts of Early Head Start. Volumes I-III: Final technical report [and] appendixes [and] local contributions to understanding the programs and their impacts. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Head Start Bureau.
Additional Sources:

Love, J. M., Kisker, E. E., Ross, C., Raikes, H., Constantine, J., Boller, K., et al. (2005). The effectiveness of Early Head Start for 3-year-old children and their parents: Lessons for policy and programs. Developmental Psychology, 41(6), 885–901. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.41.6.885

Roggman, L. A., Boyce, L. K., Cook, G. A., & Hart, A. D. (2002). Making a difference in the lives of infants and toddlers and their families: The impacts of Early Head Start. Vol. 3, Local contributions to understanding the programs and their impacts. Washington, DC: Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Child Outcomes Research and Evaluation.

Raikes, H. H., Chazan-Cohen, R., Love, J. M., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2010). Early Head Start impacts at age 3 and a description of the age 5 follow-up study. In Childhood Programs and Practices in the First Decade of Life: A Human Capital Integration. Reynolds, A.A., Rolnick, A.J., Englund, M.M, and Temple, J.A., eds. New York: Cambridge University Press, 99-118.

Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Any child health services No Effect EHS-HV impact study 28 months after assignment 941 mothers 100% 99.8% 0.2 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
Not Applicable Secondary
Any dentist visits No Effect EHS-HV impact study 28 months after assignment 941 mothers 27.1% 28.1% -1 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = -0.03 Secondary
Any doctor visits No Effect EHS-HV impact study 28 months after assignment 941 mothers 99% 98.7% 0.3 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = 0.16 Secondary
Any emergency room visits No Effect EHS-HV impact study 28 months after assignment 941 mothers 53.4% 56% -2.6 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = -0.06 Secondary
Any immunizations No Effect EHS-HV impact study 28 months after assignment 941 mothers 99.1% 98.5% 0.7 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = 0.31 Secondary
Any screening tests No Effect EHS-HV impact study 28 months after assignment 941 mothers 62.4% 61% 1.4 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = 0.04 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Any child health services No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Any dentist visits No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Any doctor visits No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Any emergency room visits No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Any immunizations No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Any screening tests No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Top

Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Love, J., Kisker, E., Ross, C. M., Schochet, P. Z., Brooks-Gunn, J., Paulsell, D., et al. (2002). Making a difference in the lives of infants and toddlers and their families: The impacts of Early Head Start. Volumes I-III: Final technical report [and] appendixes [and] local contributions to understanding the programs and their impacts. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Head Start Bureau.
Additional Sources:

Love, J. M., Kisker, E. E., Ross, C., Raikes, H., Constantine, J., Boller, K., et al. (2005). The effectiveness of Early Head Start for 3-year-old children and their parents: Lessons for policy and programs. Developmental Psychology, 41(6), 885–901. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.41.6.885

Roggman, L. A., Boyce, L. K., Cook, G. A., & Hart, A. D. (2002). Making a difference in the lives of infants and toddlers and their families: The impacts of Early Head Start. Vol. 3, Local contributions to understanding the programs and their impacts. Washington, DC: Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Child Outcomes Research and Evaluation.

Raikes, H. H., Chazan-Cohen, R., Love, J. M., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2010). Early Head Start impacts at age 3 and a description of the age 5 follow-up study. In Childhood Programs and Practices in the First Decade of Life: A Human Capital Integration. Reynolds, A.A., Rolnick, A.J., Englund, M.M, and Temple, J.A., eds. New York: Cambridge University Press, 99-118.

Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Child’s health status No Effect EHS-HV impact sample Age 3 950 children Adjusted mean = 4.0 Adjusted mean = 4.0 MD = 0.0 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
Study-reported = -0.04 Secondary
Percentage of children in fair or poor health No Effect EHS-HV impact sample Age 3 950 children 9.8% 9.6% MD = 0.2 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
Study-reported = 0.01 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Child’s health status The child health status was rated on a five-point scale of 1 (poor) to 5 (excellent). Parent/caregiver report Not applicable Secondary
Percentage of children in fair or poor health Percentage of children who were reported to be in fair or poor health Parent/caregiver report Not applicable Secondary

Love, J., Kisker, E., Ross, C., Schochet, P., Brooks-Gunn, J., Boller, K., et al. (2001). Building their futures: How Early Head Start programs are enhancing the lives of infants and toddlers in low-income families. Summary report. Report to Commissioner’s Office of Research and Evaluation, Head Start Bureau, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, and Department of Health and Human Services. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research.
Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Any child health services No Effect EHS-HV impact sample 7 to 16 months after assignment 1,059 mothers 99.1% 99.6% -0.5 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = -0.049 Secondary
Any dentist visits No Effect EHS-HV impact sample 7 to 16 months after assignment 1,059 mothers 10.7% 10.8% -0.1 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = -0.01 Secondary
Any doctor visits No Effect EHS-HV impact sample 7 to 16 months after assignment 1,059 mothers 93.6% 93.4% 0.2 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = 0.02 Secondary
Any emergency room visits No Effect EHS-HV impact sample 7 to 16 months after assignment 1,059 mothers 41.3% 43.2% -1.9 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = -0.05 Secondary
Any immunizations No Effect EHS-HV impact sample 7 to 16 months after assignment 1,059 mothers 96.3% 97.9% -1.6 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = -0.35 Secondary
Any screening tests No Effect EHS-HV impact sample 7 to 16 months after assignment 1,059 mothers 52.4% 49.4% 3 Not statistically significant,
p > 0.05
HomVEE = 0.07 Secondary
Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Any child health services No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Any dentist visits No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Any doctor visits No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Any emergency room visits No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Any immunizations No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Any screening tests No description provided Parent report Not applicable Secondary
Top