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Child Parent Enrichment Project (CPEP)

Last Updated: October 2012

Effects Shown in Research & Outcome Measure Details for Maternal Health Outcomes

Impact Studies Rated Moderate


Barth, R. P. (1991). An experimental evaluation of in-home child abuse prevention services. Child Abuse and Neglect: The International Journal, 15(4), 363-75.
Additional Source:

Barth, R. P., Hacking, S., & Ash, J. R. (1988). Preventing child abuse: An experimental evaluation of the Child Parent Enrichment Project. Journal of Primary Prevention, 8(4), 201-217.

Show Study Effects Details
Outcome Effect Sample Timing of Follow-Up Sample Size Program Group Comparison Group Mean Difference or Odds Ratio
Statistical Significance
Effect Size
Outcome Type
Discomfort (birth outcome) No Effect Reassigned sample 6 months 191 mothers Unadjusted mean = 1.31 Unadjusted mean = 1.36 MD= -0.05 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 HomVEE = -0.141 Secondary
Eat bad No Effect Reassigned sample 6 months 191 mothers Unadjusted mean = 8.12 Unadjusted mean = 8.28 MD= -0.16 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 HomVEE = -0.061 Secondary
Eat right No Effect Reassigned sample 6 months 191 mothers Unadjusted mean = 6.21 Unadjusted mean = 6.10 MD= 0.11 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 HomVEE = 0.041 Secondary
Hospital stay Favorable Reassigned sample 6 months 191 mothers Unadjusted mean = 8.41 Unadjusted mean = 9.8 MD= -1.39 Statistically significant, p = 0.02 HomVEE = -0.331 Secondary
Pregnancy problems No Effect Reassigned sample 6 months 191 mothers Unadjusted mean = 1.49 Unadjusted mean = 1.36 MD= 0.13 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 HomVEE = 0.121 Secondary
Prenatal care No Effect Reassigned sample 6 months 191 mothers Unadjusted mean = 9.90 Unadjusted mean = 9.73 MD= 0.17 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 HomVEE = 0.051 Secondary
Worries (birth outcome) No Effect Reassigned sample 6 months 191 mothers Unadjusted mean = 25.04 Unadjusted mean = 24.19 MD= 0.85 Not statistically significant, p > 0.05 HomVEE = 0.121 Secondary

1 High score equals unfavorable.

Show Study Outcome Measure Summary
Outcome Description of Measure Data Collection Method Properties of the Outcome Measure Outcome Type
Discomfort (birth outcome) The difference between mother's expected discomfort during pregnancy and labor and what she actually experienced. Parent/caregiver report Not applicable Secondary
Eat bad The frequency with which mothers ingested unhealthy items such as tobacco, alcoholic or caffeinated drinks, chips, and nonprescription drugs during pregnancy. Parent/caregiver report Not applicable Secondary
Eat right The frequency with which mothers followed a healthy diet during pregnancy. Parent/caregiver report Not applicable Secondary
Hospital stay The number of days the mother and her newborn were in the hospital around the time of delivery. Parent/caregiver report Not applicable Secondary
Pregnancy problems The number of events that occurred during delivery such as drug treatment, use of forceps, episiotomy, cesarean section, induced labor, and breech delivery. Parent/caregiver report Not applicable Secondary
Prenatal care The number of prenatal visits mothers had during their second and third trimesters. Parent/caregiver report Not applicable Secondary
Worries (birth outcome) The worries scale assesses a mother's level of concern regarding being able to care for her newborns. The scale addresses issues such as feeding and caring for a sick child, and paying bills. Items were coded on a 4-point scale. Parent/caregiver report Not applicable Secondary
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